Disaster Preparedness – Survival and Safety Tips
Unfortunately natural disasters happen, and there is no way of forecasting where or what type is coming next. The recent earthquakes that leveled parts of Japan, and New Zealand. The massive tornadoes that left paths of total devastation for miles. Floods, fires, hurricanes, extreme heat. They all happen.
The best thing to do, is have a rock steady disaster plan that can be quickly and easily put into action if disaster strikes your home town. Having a good disaster plan is not just common sense, it could very easily save your life, your families and even your neighbors.
How should you prepare for a disaster?
- Releated: Survival, Security, Emergency Supplies
Make A Plan!
The very first thing you need is a plan of action. Remember after most disasters happen, you could be on your own for days, and unfortunately sometimes much longer. It can take time for emergency personnel to get to your location. There could be plenty of things that prevent them from getting to you, so make sure you keep that in mind.
Involve every member of your family when you start your plan. Everyone should have a part and understand everything completely. Make sure everyone in your family agrees on what are the quickest and safest escape routes for your home.
If for any reason your home is damaged or destroyed, have two places where everyone can meet. Designate one area right outside of your home, and another a short distance away.
Decide on an out of area person of contact. Let them know that you will be contacting them if disaster strikes. If your family gets separated during the disaster, make sure that everyone knows how to contact the out of area person.
Locate and duplicate all of your important documents. Keep them locked away in a safe box in your home. Make sure everyone has access to these documents. Keep an inventory of all of your valuables. When ever you can use video and pictures. Put this inventory with all of your other important documents.
Make sure everyone knows where your gas and power mains are. Teach them how to shut off the gas and the power.
Teach everyone in your family where the fire extinguishers are, and how to properly use them.
Teach your children to stay away from power lines. Teach them all of their personal information like: Name, Age, Address. Make ID cards for them and put them in your supply kit.
Create A Supply Kit
When disaster strikes, common things like electricity, running water and gas are often the first to go. You could be without power and clean running water. Prepare accordingly. At the very minimum, make sure you have enough supplies to last at least three days. Here is a good checklist for your supply kit.
Water – Without this no one will survive. Make sure you have one gallon of water per person, per day. If you have a family of five. You would need 15 gallons for three days. Double it to be on the safe side.
Food – Have plenty of food on hand that does not require refrigeration. Canned goods, and dry goods like beans and rice can be stored for years. Just keep tabs on your water. You can’t use it all to make rice.
Tools – Can openers, plates, knives, forks, spoons, duct tape, hammer, crowbar, wrenches and bungie cords.
First Aid Kits and any Required medicines.
Clothes – Make sure you have clothes that will keep you warm when you need them and dry too.
Flashlights – The more, the merrier!
Radio – This may be the only way that you can get any news on your situation.
Whistle – You may need to call attention to yourself. A loud whistle works great.
Photos of family members and pets.
List of anyone’s allergies to food or drugs.
Lighters – This is one that most people never even consider. You might have to resort to boiling your water and making a fire. Make sure you have several lighters.
Unscented Bleach – This will help sterilize water, if running water is no longer usable.
Gloves and boots.
Personal Hygiene – Toothbrushes, toilet paper, toothpaste, soap, feminine supplies, and hand sanitizer.
Propane – If you lose power, propane tanks can provide you with heat and fire for cooking.
Special needs for special people in your family – Children and the elderly may have special needs. Don’t forget to include them in your supplies.
Pets – Pets are part of your family too. Make sure that you have enough supplies for them as well. Food, water, medicine. The same rules apply to your pets. Make sure that you have leashes, collars, and ID tags.
Firearms and ammunition – Everyone behaves differently during disasters. The same goes for wild animals. Make sure that you and your family are protected.
Be prepared to help others.
Once everyone in your family is safe and secure, it is time to try and help out. There may be other people in your vicinity that need a helping hand. Disasters are times when people need to stick together . The old saying there is no “I” in team really rings true during a disaster. A small group of people can work much faster helping others.
Remember, disaster can strike when you least expect it, and the best way to make sure everyone survives is to be prepared.
For more information, please visit Survival, Security, Emergency Supplies.