Astronomers Discover Most Distant Group of Galaxies

Astronomers Discover Most Distant Group of Galaxies

Astronomers Discover Most Distant Group of Galaxies. Image credit: Subaru/NASA/JPL-Caltech.

An extremely distant galaxy cluster was discovered with one of the most powerful telescopes that NASA has created to date. It has been assumed that the galaxy cluster has grown together from smaller clusters over an extremely long period of time.

This cluster, which is being called COSMOS-AxTEC3 was found with an assortment of telescopes that are used for analyzing objects at great distances. Some of the telescopes used include the Spitzer, Chandra, Hubble, and others. Studies estimate that this cluster is over 12.6 billion light years away.

The discovery marks yet another successful collaboration between international space exploration teams because of the usage of telescopes from multiple nations including Japan.

Numerous studies indicate that the galaxy consists of a number of star formations and a black hole, which are considered to be the seeds or starting particles of the cluster itself. It is anticipated that this central region of stars and the black hole will eventually be the center of the cluster, or central galaxy that will power over everything around it.

According to multiple sources, it is common for this type of occurrence to take place. The regular pattern, as it seems, is that a black hole and surrounding starbursts become the central galaxy of the entire cluster and therefore everything grows around that as it grows in size.

Scientists performed a number of studies in order to confirm the distance of the galaxy cluster from the earth, the size of the cluster itself, the density of the cluster and other surrounding clusters, the mass, as well as the growth rate of the cluster over time.

One final study that was performed was to measure the amount of gas present in the cluster which is used as fuel to create new stars. It is estimated that the cluster will continue to grow consistently for an extremely long time.

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